Geriatric Dentistry in India - Addressing the Dental Health of an Aging Population

Dr. Vinod Krishnan, MDS

10/4/20231 min read

In a rapidly ageing world, India is no exception. With a significant increase in life expectancy, the country is witnessing a substantial rise in its elderly population. This demographic shift has profound implications for healthcare, including dentistry. Geriatric dentistry, a specialized branch of dental care, plays a crucial role in ensuring the oral health and overall well-being of senior citizens. In this blog, we'll explore the importance of geriatric dentistry in India and the challenges it faces in meeting the growing needs of the elderly.

The Aging Population in India: A Growing Concern

India's demographic landscape is changing, with a steady rise in the number of older adults. Factors like improved healthcare, better nutrition, and enhanced living conditions have contributed to this demographic shift. According to the United Nations, India's elderly population (aged 60 and above) is projected to reach 318 million by 2050, nearly tripling from the 104 million recorded in 2020. This dramatic increase highlights the pressing need to address the unique healthcare needs of this aging demographic.

Oral Health: A Vital Component of Overall Well-Being

Oral health is intrinsically linked to one's overall health and quality of life. Poor oral hygiene and untreated dental problems can lead to a range of issues, including pain, malnutrition, and even systemic diseases like diabetes and heart disease. For the elderly, maintaining good oral health becomes even more critical as they are often more susceptible to dental problems due to factors such as medication side effects, chronic conditions, and cognitive decline.

The Role of Geriatric Dentistry

Geriatric dentistry is a specialized field of dental care that focuses on addressing the unique oral health needs of older adults. It encompasses a wide range of services, including routine dental check-ups, oral hygiene education, tooth restoration, and even the provision of dental implants or dentures when necessary. Geriatric dentists are trained to work with patients who may have physical limitations, cognitive impairments, or complex medical histories.